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    The Big Bang is commonly thought of as the start of it all: About 13.8 billion years ago, the observable universe went boom and expanded into being. 


   Sound Track:   
Cosmic Journey 


 Scientists estimate that there are as many as ten million to a billion black holes in the Milky Way alone.



Metaphysics that Deals with the Nature of the Universe
 ■  Cosmology Topics & The Sound of the Big Bang Created




 Telescope 80EQ Refractor Scope    Telescope 80EQ
           80mm Aperture & 700mm Focal Length

an easy-to-use and powerful telescope. The telescope to give
the first- time telescope user the perfect combination of quality,
value, features, and power. 

COMPACT AND PORTABLE: This telescope for adults and kids
to be used together is compact, lightweight, and portable. Take
the telescope to your favorite campsite or dark sky observing
site, or simply the backyard.

About the
80EQ Telescope:

  • OBJECTS TO OBSERVE:  Quality, all-glass optics deliver crisp views of the moon, the rings around Saturn,
    and Jupiter
    's Galilean moons.  Or explore Nebula, Andromeda Galaxy, and more.
  • MULTIPLE ACCESSORIES:  The 80EQ Telescope features 2 eyepieces (10mm and 20mm), erect image
    diagonal, finderscope, 13% moon filter, a cellphone mount, and plus a Barlow lens to triple the power of each.

  • Rapidly growing universe keeps heating up.

     The Universe Just Keeps Getting Hotter
      That Shouldn't Be Happening.
       Is it just us, or is it getting hot out there? Research shows
       our rapidly growing universe keeps heating up.
       Nearly a century ago, scientists worked out that our
       universe is expanding. More recently, researchers
       discovered this rate of expansion is increasing as time
       ticks by.  As our universe expands, the galaxies, stars,
       planets, and all they contain  move farther and farther
       apart.  This means our universe should be getting colder
       as it expands.
    Read more


    Dark Matter Exist Everywhere

    (Image credit: NASA, ESA, and P. van Dokkum  (Yale University)

      Dark-Matter-Less Galaxy?
       Dark matter - the unknown substance comprising 85
       percent of all matter in the universe - is strange. But
       researchers are at least sure about one thing: Dark
       matter is everywhere. So team members were
       scratching their heads over a peculiar galaxy they
       spotted in March 2018 that seemed to contain
       hardly any dark matter. However, subsequent work
       suggested that the celestial oddity did in fact contain
       dark matter.




                                     NASA LIVE: OFFICIAL STREAM OF NASA TV
                               Watch live broadcasts of NASA's launches, landings, and events.


     NASA TV SCHEDULE: View Schedule
      Join 20 Million People and Send Your Name to Mars Learn more

      FOLLOW NASA:  Join the Virtual Guest List


    Launches and Landings


    Record breaking space jump - free fall faster than speed of sound. (Felix Baumgartner)

    Get the the Details:
    Targeted Date, Time and Mission




       Named in honor of the trailblazing astronomer Edwin Hubble, the Hubble Space Telescope is a
       large, space-based observatory, which has revolutionized astronomy since its launch and
       deployment by the space shuttle Discovery in 1990. Far above rain clouds, light pollution, and
       atmospheric distortions, Hubble has a crystal-clear view of the universe. Scientists have used
       Hubble to observe some of the most distant stars and galaxies yet seen, as well as the planets
       in our solar system. | Cosmic Journey-Universe in Motion
    ( Hubble Space Telescope images)


    HUBBLE: Galaxies Across Space and Time [Ultra HD]

    This award-winning short film transforms images and data from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope into a voyage that sweeps viewers across the universe and back into cosmic history.

    A production of the Office of Public Outreach at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI)
    Producer: John Stoke
    | Director: Frank Summers | Writers: John Stoke and Frank Summers 
    Visualization Leads: Greg Bacon and Frank Summers
    | Narrator: Barbara Feldon | Music: Jon Serrie



    Explore more about Hubble and Mission Operations |  Learn more  



     5 Remarkable Physicists


    Galileo di Vincenzo Bonaiuti de' Galilei
    was an Italian astronomer, physicist and
    engineer, sometimes described as a polymath, from Pisa. Galileo has been called
    the "father of observational astronomy", the "father of modern physics", the "father
    of the scientific method", and the "father of modern science".
    Discovered: Ganymede, Europa, Io, Callisto, Rings of Saturn
    Known for: Analytical dynamics, Heliocentrism, Kinematics, Observational

    Born: February 15, 1564, Pisa, Italy
    Died: January 8, 1642, Arcetri, Italy
                                                                 | Biography



    Albert Einstein was a German-born theoretical physicist, widely acknowledged to
    be one of the greatest physicists of all time. Einstein is known for developing the
    theory of relativity, but he also made important contributions to the development
    of the theory of quantum mechanics. Albert Einstein is best known for
    equation which states that energy and mass (matter) are the same

    thing, just in different forms. He is also known for his discovery of the photoelectric
    effect, for which he won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.

    Born: March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany
    Died: April 18, 1955, Penn Medicine Princeton Medical Center, NJ                | Biography


    James Clerk Maxwell
    (1831-1879) was one of the greatest scientists who have
    ever lived. To him we owe the most significant discovery of our age - the theory
    of electromagnetism. He is rightly acclaimed as the father of modern physics. He
    also made fundamental contributions to mathematics, astronomy and engineering.
    He is most famous for his theory of electromagnetism, which showed that light
    was  electromagnetic radiation. His theory is considered to have paved the way
    for both quantum mechanics and Einstein's theory of special relativity.  
    | Biography
    Michael Faraday
    FRS was an English scientist who contributed to the study of
    electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include the
    principles underlying electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis.
    Faraday is best known for his discoveries of electromagnetic induction and of
    the laws of electrolysis
    . His biggest breakthrough in electricity was his invention
    the electric motor. 
    Born: September 22, 1791,  Died: August 25, 1867                                        | Biography
    Marie Salomea Skłodowska Curie
    , born Maria Salomea Skłodowska, was a
    Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering
    research on radioactivity.
    Marie Curie is remembered for her discovery of radium and polonium, and
    her huge contribution to finding treatments for cancer

    Born: November 7, 1867, Warsaw, Poland
    Died: July 4, 1934, Passy, France                                                               | Biography
    Biographical Source: Britannica The world standard in knowledge since 1768
     Cosmology Related Media




       Biographies of
        Einstein, Isaac Newton,
        Galileo Galilei, Charles

    Darwin, Michael Faraday



       Stephen Hawking: A
       Biography: The Man
       Who Defied All



       Space Atlas, Second
      Edition: Mapping The
      Universe And Beyond




       Helgoland: Making
       Sense of the
       Quantum Revolution



     Newton's Laws of




    Interesting Facts about Einstein.


    Mathematics is the
    Queen of Sciences

    An exploration of mathematics, including
    where it comes from and why it explains
    the physical world; and whether it is a
    human invention or a hidden language of
    the universe.


     7 Unsolved Space Mysteries

      Dark Matter
        Dark matter is a hypothetical form of matter
        thought to account for approximately 85% of the
        matter in the universe and about 27% of its total
        mass-energy density.                Learn more

      Dark Energy
    In physical cosmology and astronomy, dark energy
        is an unknown form of energy that affects the
        universe on the largest scales    Learn more

    ■  Quantum Entanglement
        Quantum entanglement is a phenomenon
        observed at the quantum scale where entangled
        particles stay connected (in some sense) so that
        the actions performed on one of the particles
        affects the other,  no matter the distance
        between two particles.               Learn more

    In modern physics, antimatter is defined as matter
        that is composed of the antiparticles of the
        corresponding particles of "ordinary" matter.
                                                       Learn more
    ■  The Fermi Paradox
    The Fermi paradox, named after Italian-American
         physicist Enrico Fermi, is the apparent
         contradiction between the lack of evidence for
         extraterrestrial life and various high estimates for
         their probability
    .                      Learn more
    ■  Black Holes
    A black hole is a region of spacetime where
        gravity is so strong that nothing-no particles or
        even electromagnetic radiation such as light-can
        escape from it. The theory of general relativity
        predicts that a sufficiently compact mass can
        deform spacetime to form a black hole.
                                                      Learn more

    ■  Space Roar
         "Space Roar" is caused by synchrotron radiation,
         a type of emission from high-energy charged
         particles in magnetic fields, and because every
         source has the same characteristic spectrum,
         pinpointing the origin of this intense signal is
         difficult.                                 Learn more

    Why exploring space matters
    Stephen Hawking | TEDxLondon    11:30

    Should we be content with being cosmic couch potatoes? Professor Stephen Hawking thinks not. As technology brings us ever closer to unlocking the secrets of Space we must continue to dream about seeing it for ourselves.

    Professor Stephen Hawking is one of the world's best known scientists. He has worked on the
    basic laws which govern the universe and published best-selling books including A Brief History of Time.

    This talk was given at a TEDx event using the
    TED conference format but independently
    organized by a local community.
    Learn more at


    Why is time "relative"? How do we explain the
    twin paradox? Why does a clock inside an
    airplane seem to tick slower? View video for  answers.

    3 Space Oddities that you
    had No Idea that Existed.
    Scientists have found a planet that might
         be made of solid diamond.
    Pulsar J1311-3430 aka "The Black
         Widow" Pulsar is a type of neutron star
         that is slowly blasting its companion star
         with radiation.
    The biggest water supply in the universe
         is floating around a black hole.


       © COSMOLOGY | Tvpc